SÃO PAULO - A maioria das bolsas de valores da Ásia fechou com valorização nesta segunda-feira. O otimismo veio com a aprovação pelas autoridades chinesas de medidas de reforma do mercado, como o lançamento de futuros de índices e venda a descoberto.
A reforma envolve a diversificação dos produtos de investimento na China. Além disso, os investidores olharam para os dados de vendas de veículos do país. A China ultrapassou, pela primeira vez, os EUA como o maior mercado de automóveis do mundo. As vendas de veículos saltaram 46,2% em 2009, para 13,6 milhões de unidades, apontou a Associação dos Fabricantes Automotores da China (CAAM, na sigla em inglês).
Em Tóquio, não houve operações, em dia de feriado, mas influenciou os agentes dos demais mercados asiáticos a notícia de que a companhia aérea Japan Airlines (JAL) está prestes a eliminar mais de 15 mil vagas e se prepara para pedir proteção contra credores. O Hang Seng, de Hong Kong, avançou 0,51%, aos 22.411,52 pontos. Em Xangai, o Shanghai Composite terminou o pregão com alta de 0,52%, aos 3.212,75 pontos. O Kospi, de Seul, contudo, recuou 0,07%, aos 1.694,12 pontos.
(Vanessa Dezem | Valor, com agências internacionais) SINGAPORE (Dow Jones)--Asian markets ended mostly higher Monday, with Shanghai stocks lifted by brokerage shares after China ? s cabinet approved market-reform measures such as the launch of index futures and short-selling. Most other regional markets also gained, with a sharp increase in commodity prices spurring resource stocks. Investors also looked past weaker-than-expected U.S. non-farm payrolls data. The region ? s largest market by capitalization, Japan, was closed for a holiday. China ? s Shanghai Composite added 0.5% to close at 3212.75 and Hong Kong ? s Hang Seng Index climbed 0.5% to 22,411.52, paced by brokerage and bank shares on hopes the in-principle approval to launch index futures and short-selling of securities would increase participation of institutional investors and improve trading volumes. " The approval raises expectations that brokerages may gain a lot from the diversification of investment tools, " said Huatai Securities analyst Zhou Lin. Citic Securities Co. rose 3.6% and Haitong Securities advanced 1.1%, while China Construction Bank added 1.7% in Shanghai. In Hong Kong, shares of China Everbright surged 10.3% and First Shanghai Investments rocketed 17.6%. Gains in Shanghai were also supported by robust trade data for December, with exports rising 17.7% year-on-year while imports rocketed 55.9%. However, mainland property plays were weak after a statement posted on the State Council Web site over the weekend said China will step up efforts to keep hot money out of its property market. Real estate developer China Vanke lost 1.6% in Shenzhen and Poly Real Estate Group gave up 2.3% in Shanghai. Australia ? s S & P/ASX 200 rose 0.8%, South Korea ? s Kospi slipped 0.1%, New Zealand ? s NZX 50 shed 0.2% and Taiwan ? s Taiex rose 0.5%. India ? s Sensex advanced 0.1% and Singapore ? s Straits Times Index added 0.3% in afternoon trading. " The worse-than-expected U.S. job data might have given some investors comfort that the timing for (fiscal and monetary) tightening would be delayed, and this will likely help (sustain) the equity market ? s recent strength, " said You Seung-min at Samsung Securities. -------------------------------- Jan. 11 (Bloomberg) -- China supplanted the U.S. as the world's largest auto market after its 2009 vehicle sales jumped 46 percent, ending more than a century of American dominance that started with the Model T Ford. The nation's sales of passenger cars, buses and trucks rose to 13.6 million, the fastest pace in at least 10 years, according to the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers. In the U.S., sales slumped 21 percent to 10.4 million, the fewest since 1982, according to Autodata Corp. China's vehicle sales have surged since 1999 as economic growth averaging more than 9 percent a year has helped automakers including General Motors Co. and Volkswagen AG compensate for slumping demand in the U.S. and Europe. The market will likely remain the world's largest, even as sales slow this year on a reduction in tax cuts, according to Booz & Co. "China is becoming the center stage of development for the 21st century global auto industry," said Bill Russo, a Beijing- based senior adviser at Booz & Co., which advises automakers. "Economic growth has directly translated into growth in automobile sales." December sales of passenger cars, trucks and buses rose 92 percent to 1.4 million. For the whole of 2009, passenger-car sales rose 53 percent to 10.3 million.